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Dysregulation of the calcium handling protein, CCDC47, is associated with diabetic Cardiomyopathy

Cell & Bioscience. 2018 Aug 17;8,45

Khampaseuth Thapa, Kai Connie Wu, Aishwarya Sarma, Eric M. Grund, Angela Szeto,

Armando J. Mendez, Stephane Gesta, Vivek K. Vishnudas, Niven R. Narain, Rangaprasad Sarangarajan

Background: Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) that is distinctly not attributed to co-morbidities with other vasculature diseases. To date, while dysregulation of calcium handling is a key hallmark in cardiomyopathy, studies have been inconsistent in the types of alterations involved. In this study human cardiomyocytes were exposed to an environmental nutritional perturbation of high glucose, fatty acids, and l-carnitine to model DCM and iTRAQ-coupled LC-MS/MS proteomic analysis was used to capture proteins affected by the perturbation. The proteins captured were then compared to proteins currently annotated in the cardiovascular disease (CVD) gene ontology (GO) database to identify proteins not previously described as being related to CVD. Subsequently, GO analysis for calcium regulating proteins and endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR) associated proteins was carried out.

Results: Here, we identified CCDC47 (calumin) as a unique calcium regulating protein altered in our in vitro nutritional perturbation model. The cellular and functional role of CCDC47 was then assessed in rat cardiomyocytes. In rat H9C2 myocytes, overexpression of CCDC47 resulted in increase in ionomycin-induced calcium release and reuptake. Of interest, in a diet-induced obese (DIO) rat model of DCM, CCDC47 mRNA expression was increased in the atrium and ventricle of the heart, but CCDC47 protein expression was significantly increased only in the atrium of DIO rats compared to lean control rats. Notably, no changes in ANP, BNP, or β-MHC were observed between DIO rats and lean control rats.

Conclusions: Together, our in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that CCDC47 is a unique calcium regulating protein that is associated with early onset hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

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