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Integrated metabolomics reveals altered lipid metabolism in adipose tissue in a model of extreme longevity

GeroScience; 2020 July 6; doi: 10.1007/s11357-020-00221-0

Justin Darcy, Yimin Fang, Samuel McFadden, Matthew D. Lynes, Luiz O. Leiria, Jonathan M. Dreyfuss, Valerie Bussburg, Vladimir Tolstikov, Bennett Greenwood, Niven R. Narain, Michael A. Kiebish, Andrzej Bartke, Yu-Hua Tseng

Adipose tissue plays an essential role in metabolic health. Ames dwarf mice are exceptionally long-lived and display metabolically beneficial phenotypes in their adipose tissue, providing an ideal model for studying the intersection between adipose tissue and longevity. To this end, we assessed the metabolome and lipidome of adipose tissue in Ames dwarf mice. We observed distinct lipid profiles in brown versus white adipose tissue of Ames dwarf mice that are consistent with increased thermogenesis and insulin sensitivity, such as increased cardiolipin and decreased ceramide concentrations. Moreover, we identified 5-hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid (5-HEPE), an ω-3 fatty acid metabolite, to be increased in Ames dwarf brown adipose tissue (BAT), as well as in circulation. Importantly, 5-HEPE is increased in other models of BAT activation and is negatively correlated with body weight, insulin resistance, and circulating triglyceride concentrations in humans. Together, these data represent a novel lipid signature of adipose tissue in a mouse model of extreme longevity.

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